Balancing Your Tires
When tires are unbalanced, ride quality and tire life are significantly impacted. An unbalanced tire is usually detectable by vibrations in the steering wheel at higher speeds. Tires should be inspected by a professional as soon as possible to avoid excessive wear and damage.
Aligning your tires ensures that all of them are adjusted to travel in the same direction. Daily impacts such as potholes can knock your vehicle out of alignment. You should have the alignment checked if you’ve hit something substantial, you see a wear pattern developing on the shoulders of the tires and/or you notice a difference in your vehicle’s handling.
INSPECT YOUR TIRES. DO NOT DRIVE ON A DAMAGED TIRE OR WHEEL.
Any time you see any damage to your tires or wheels replace with spare at once and immediately see your tire dealer. When inspecting your tires, including the spare, check your air pressures. If your pressure check indicates that one of your tires has lost pressure of two pounds or more, look for signs of penetrations, valve leakage, or wheel damage that may account for the air loss. Always look for bulges, cracks, cuts, penetrations and abnormal tire wear particularly on the edges of the tire tread which may be caused by misalignment or underinflatlon. If any such damage is found, the tire must be inspected by any tire dealer at once. Use of a damaged tire could result in sudden tire destruction. All tires will wear out faster when subjected to high speeds as well as hard cornering, rapid starts, sudden stops, frequent driving on roads which are in poor condition, and off road use. Roads with holes and rocks or other objects can damage tires and cause misalignment of your vehicle. When you drive on such roads, drive on them carefully and slowly, and before driving at normal or highway speeds, examine your tires for any damage, such as cuts or penetrations.
DO NOT OVERLOAD. DRIVING ON ANY OVERLOADED TIRE IS DANGEROUS.
The maximum load rating of your tires is marked on the tire sidewall. Do not exceed these ratings. Follow the loading instructions of the manufacturer of your vehicle and this will insure that your tires are not overloaded. Tires which are loaded beyond their maximum allowable loads for the particular application will build up excessive heat that may result in sudden tire destruction. Do not exceed the gross axle weight ratings for any axle on your vehicle. If you anticipate towing a trailer, you should see any tire dealer for advice concerning the correct size of tire and pressures. Tire size and pressures will depend upon the type and size of trailer and hitch utilized, but in no case must the maximum cold inf ation pressure of tire load rating be exceeded. Check the tire placard and the owner’s manual supplied by the manufacturer of your vehicle for further recommendations on trailer towing.
Tires should be stored in a cool dry place indoors so that there is no danger of water collecting inside them. Serious problems occur with tube type tires when they are mounted with water trapped between the tire and the tube. Due to pressurization, the liquid can pass through the inner liner and into the casing plies. This can result in sudden lire failure. Most of the problems of this nature, encountered with tube type tires, have been due to improper storage which permitted water to enter the casing between the tire and tube prior to mounting. When tires are stored they should be stored in a cool place away from sources of heat and ozone such as hot pipes and electric motors. Be sure that surfaces of which tires are stored are clean and free from grease, gasoline or other substances which could deteriorate the rubber. Tires exposed to these materials and/or excessive heat for a prolonged period of time during storage or driving may be weakened and subject to sudden failure.
TIRE MOUNTING CAN BE DANGEROUS
Tire mounting can be dangerous and should be done by trained persons using proper tools and procedures. Your tires should be mounted on wheels which are in good, clean condition. Bent, chipped or rusted wheels may cause tire damage. Have your dealer check the size and condition of your wheels before mounting new tires. Be sure rim/Wheel manufacturer’s recommendations are followed. The inside of the tire must be free of foreign material. Old valves may leak. When new tubeless tires are mounted, have new valves of the correct type installed. Be sure that all of your valves have suitable valve caps
Hydroplaning occurs when a vehicle begins to float on top of the water on a wet road. To reduce your risk of hydroplaning, slow down on wet roads.
Three main factors contribute to hydroplaning, or the loss of traction on wet roads:
- Vehicle speed: As speed increases, wet traction is considerably reduced.
- Water depth: The deeper the water, the sooner you will lose traction, although even thin water layers can cause a loss of traction, even at low speeds.
- Tire tread depth: As your tires become worn, their ability to resist hydroplaning is reduced.
Driving on Ice And Snow
All-season tires are designed to provide higher levels of snow traction than non-all-season tires. You have all-season tires if you find the letters “M+S” molded into the sidewall near the bead. These letters mean “Mud and Snow.”
For Safe Winter Driving:
- Reduce your speed. Even good road conditions can deteriorate quickly.
- Increase your stopping distance by at least 12 times more than on dry roads. You may not always need that much distance, but when you do, you’ll be glad you were playing it safe.
- Check the condition of your tires. Worn tires provide less grip.
HIGH SPEED DRIVING CAN BE DANGEROUS
Correct inflation pressure is especially important. However, at high speeds, even with the correct inflation pressures, a road hazard, for example, is more diffi cult to avoid and if contact is made, has a greater chance of causing tire damage than at a lower speed. Moreover, driving at high speed reduces the reaction time available to avoid accidents and bring your vehicle to a safe stop. Never exceed the legal speed limit.